, 1889

/黃/ 氏
Name suffix
Chinese Consolidated Benevolent Association (Six Companies)
after 1851
Note: Many reasons for these Associations to exist 1. insurance 2. protection 3. companionship 4. ancestor veneration
14th President of the United States
Franklin Pierce
March 4, 1853
California Gold Rush
from January 24, 1848 to 1855
Note: Source citation: California Gold Rush Wikipedia
Chinese Conflicts
Punti–Hakka Clan Wars
Note: Source citation: Hakka Punti Clan Wars Wikipedia
Chinese Conflicts
Red Turban Rebellion
from 1854 to 1856
Note: Source citation: Red Turban Rebellions Wikipedia
15th President of the United States
James Buchanan
March 4, 1857
Chinese Conflicts
Second Opium War
from October 8, 1856 to October 24, 1860
Note: The contestants were the Qing empire against a consortium of American and European powers. Again the Qing were defeated and lost port cities to the control of the western powers.
Note: Source citation: Second Opium War Wikipedia
16th President of the United States
Abraham Lincoln
March 4, 1861
Chinese Conflicts
Taiping Rebellion
from December 1850 to August 1864
Note: Source citation: Taiping Rebellion Wikipedia
Note: The bloodiest civil war in history with upwards to 70 million killed, between the Qing empire and a theocratic Christian based society. The Qing had to seek help from France and the United Kingdom. This weakened the central Qing government and saw the rise of warlords.
17th President of the United States
Andrew Johnson
April 15, 1865
18th President of the United States
Ulysses S Grant
March 4, 1869
First transcontinental railroad
from 1863 to May 10, 1869
19th President of the United States
Rutherford B Hayes
March 4, 1877
20th President of the United States
James A Garfield
March 4, 1881
21st President of the United States
Chester A Arthur
September 19, 1881
Birth of a son
22nd President of the United States
Grover Cleveland
March 4, 1885
23rd President of the United States
Benjamin Harrison
March 4, 1889 (0 after death)
China Government/Dynasties
Qing or Ching or Manchu Dynasty
from 1636 to 1912 (23 years after death)
Note: Source citation: Qing Dynasty Wikipedia
Note: 2nd foreign dynasty to rule China—Unlike the Mongols however, the Manchu adopted Chinese dress and customs. However, they did force men to wear the queue. Neo-Confucianism was made the official doctrine, demanding loyalty to the emperor, but Chinese culture was preserved and Chinese were excluded only from the very senior court positions. Increasing European trade causedforeign powers divide China into spheres of influence. The Boxer uprising caused the downfall of this last dynasty. source
Chinese American Events
Tong Wars
from 1800 to 1930 (41 years after death)
Note: Source citation: Tong Wars Wikipedia
Note: These started as conflicts between clans and sensationalized by American media as gang and turf urban warfare.
Chinese American Events
Chinese Exclusion Act
from May 9, 1882 to 1943 (54 years after death)
Note: An official act legalizing discrimination against Chinese in the United States. Poster: 'Chinese Must Go'.
Note: Source citation: Chinese Exclusion Act Wikipedia
about 1889