/伍/ 氏
Name suffix
妣 main marriage
1st President of the United States
George Washington
April 30, 1789
Birth of a son
2nd President of the United States
John Adams
March 4, 1797
3rd President of the United States
Thomas Jefferson
March 4, 1801
4th President of the United States
James Madison
March 4, 1809
5th President of the United States
James Monroe
March 4, 1817
Death of a husband
6th President of the United States
John Quincy Adams
March 4, 1825
7th President of the United States
Andrew Jackson
March 4, 1829
Birth of a grandson
8th President of the United States
Martin Van Buren
March 4, 1837
Chinese Conflicts
First Opium War
from September 4, 1839
Note: Source citation: First Opium War Wikipedia
Note: Great Britain since the 18th century consumed a lot of Chinese tea. There were no manufactured goods from England that the Chinese desired. The tea had to be purchased by English silver, which caused a drop in reserves. Britain then introduced opium from the British East India Company, and found a ready market in an addicted China. Sensing the destructions of their social fabric, Qing emperors fought and lost to the British this war.
9th President of the United States
William Henry Harrison
March 4, 1841
10th President of the United States
John Tyler
April 4, 1841
11th President of the United States
James K Polk
March 4, 1845
12th President of the United States
Zachary Taylor
March 4, 1849
13th President of the United States
Millard Fillmore
July 9, 1850
Death of a son
14th President of the United States
Franklin Pierce
March 4, 1853
California Gold Rush
from January 24, 1848 to 1855
Note: Source citation: California Gold Rush Wikipedia
Death of a grandson
15th President of the United States
James Buchanan
March 4, 1857
Chinese Conflicts
Second Opium War
from October 8, 1856 to October 24, 1860
Note: The contestants were the Qing empire against a consortium of American and European powers. Again the Qing were defeated and lost port cities to the control of the western powers.
Note: Source citation: Second Opium War Wikipedia
16th President of the United States
Abraham Lincoln
March 4, 1861
Chinese Conflicts
Taiping Rebellion
from December 1850 to August 1864
Note: Source citation: Taiping Rebellion Wikipedia
Note: The bloodiest civil war in history with upwards to 70 million killed, between the Qing empire and a theocratic Christian based society. The Qing had to seek help from France and the United Kingdom. This weakened the central Qing government and saw the rise of warlords.
Chinese Conflicts
Punti–Hakka Clan Wars
Note: Source citation: Hakka Punti Clan Wars Wikipedia
Chinese Conflicts
Red Turban Rebellion
from 1854 to 1856
Note: Source citation: Red Turban Rebellions Wikipedia
First transcontinental railroad
from 1863 to May 10, 1869
China Government/Dynasties
Qing or Ching or Manchu Dynasty
from 1636 to 1912
Note: Source citation: Qing Dynasty Wikipedia
Note: 2nd foreign dynasty to rule China—Unlike the Mongols however, the Manchu adopted Chinese dress and customs. However, they did force men to wear the queue. Neo-Confucianism was made the official doctrine, demanding loyalty to the emperor, but Chinese culture was preserved and Chinese were excluded only from the very senior court positions. Increasing European trade causedforeign powers divide China into spheres of influence. The Boxer uprising caused the downfall of this last dynasty. source
Chinese American Events
Tong Wars
from 1800 to 1930
Note: Source citation: Tong Wars Wikipedia
Note: These started as conflicts between clans and sensationalized by American media as gang and turf urban warfare.
Chinese Consolidated Benevolent Association (Six Companies)
after 1851
Note: Many reasons for these Associations to exist 1. insurance 2. protection 3. companionship 4. ancestor veneration
妣 main marriage