應球

Name
/鄭/應球
Given names
應球
Surname
8th President of the United States
Martin Van Buren
March 4, 1837
Chinese Conflicts
First Opium War
from September 4, 1839
Note: Source citation: First Opium War Wikipedia
Note: Great Britain since the 18th century consumed a lot of Chinese tea. There were no manufactured goods from England that the Chinese desired. The tea had to be purchased by English silver, which caused a drop in reserves. Britain then introduced opium from the British East India Company, and found a ready market in an addicted China. Sensing the destructions of their social fabric, Qing emperors fought and lost to the British this war.
9th President of the United States
William Henry Harrison
March 4, 1841
10th President of the United States
John Tyler
April 4, 1841
Birth of a brother
Address: 龐頭
11th President of the United States
James K Polk
March 4, 1845
12th President of the United States
Zachary Taylor
March 4, 1849
13th President of the United States
Millard Fillmore
July 9, 1850
Chinese Conflicts
Taiping Rebellion
from December 1850 to August 1864
Note: Source citation: Taiping Rebellion Wikipedia
Note: The bloodiest civil war in history with upwards to 70 million killed, between the Qing empire and a theocratic Christian based society. The Qing had to seek help from France and the United Kingdom. This weakened the central Qing government and saw the rise of warlords.
Event
Chinese Consolidated Benevolent Association (Six Companies)
after 1851
Note: Many reasons for these Associations to exist 1. insurance 2. protection 3. companionship 4. ancestor veneration
14th President of the United States
Franklin Pierce
March 4, 1853
Event
California Gold Rush
from January 24, 1848 to 1855
Note: Source citation: California Gold Rush Wikipedia
Chinese Conflicts
Punti–Hakka Clan Wars
1855
Note: Source citation: Hakka Punti Clan Wars Wikipedia
Chinese Conflicts
Red Turban Rebellion
from 1854 to 1856
Note: Source citation: Red Turban Rebellions Wikipedia
15th President of the United States
James Buchanan
March 4, 1857
Chinese Conflicts
Second Opium War
from October 8, 1856 to October 24, 1860
Note: The contestants were the Qing empire against a consortium of American and European powers. Again the Qing were defeated and lost port cities to the control of the western powers.
Note: Source citation: Second Opium War Wikipedia
16th President of the United States
Abraham Lincoln
March 4, 1861
17th President of the United States
Andrew Johnson
April 15, 1865
18th President of the United States
Ulysses S Grant
March 4, 1869
Event
First transcontinental railroad
from 1863 to May 10, 1869
Death of a father
19th President of the United States
Rutherford B Hayes
March 4, 1877
20th President of the United States
James A Garfield
March 4, 1881
21st President of the United States
Chester A Arthur
September 19, 1881
22nd President of the United States
Grover Cleveland
March 4, 1885
23rd President of the United States
Benjamin Harrison
March 4, 1889
24th President of the United States
Grover Cleveland
March 4, 1893
Chinese Conflicts
First Sino-Japanese War
from July 25, 1894 to April 17, 1895
Note: Source citation: First Sino Japanese War Wikipedia
Note: This conflict represented failure of the Qing dynasty's military modernization versus Imperial Japan Meiji Restoration's military advancement. The result was ceding of Taiwan and Korea to Japan.
25th President of the United States
William McKinley
March 4, 1897
Chinese Conflicts
Boxer Rebellion
from November 2, 1899 to September 7, 1901
Note: Source citation: Boxer Rebellion Wikipedia
Note: An anti-foreigner rebellion of Chinese peasants and eventually the Qing empire against a consortium of western and Japanese troops.
26th President of the United States
Theodore Roosevelt
September 14, 1901
Chinese American Events
1906 San Francisco earthquake
April 18, 1906
Note: Public birth records were destroyed in the subsequent fire, which allowed a new opportunity for Chinese to claim American citizenship.
27th President of the United States
William Howard Taft
March 4, 1909
China Government/Dynasties
Qing or Ching or Manchu Dynasty
from 1636 to 1912
Note: Source citation: Qing Dynasty Wikipedia
Note: 2nd foreign dynasty to rule China—Unlike the Mongols however, the Manchu adopted Chinese dress and customs. However, they did force men to wear the queue. Neo-Confucianism was made the official doctrine, demanding loyalty to the emperor, but Chinese culture was preserved and Chinese were excluded only from the very senior court positions. Increasing European trade causedforeign powers divide China into spheres of influence. The Boxer uprising caused the downfall of this last dynasty. source
28th President of the United States
Woodrow Wilson
March 4, 1913
Death of a brother
29th President of the United States
Warren G Harding
March 4, 1921
30th President of the United States
Calvin Coolidge
August 2, 1923
31st President of the United States
Herbert Hoover
March 4, 1929
Chinese American Events
Tong Wars
from 1800 to 1930
Note: Source citation: Tong Wars Wikipedia
Note: These started as conflicts between clans and sensationalized by American media as gang and turf urban warfare.
Chinese Conflicts
Mukden Incident
from September 18, 1931 to February 18, 1932
Note: Source citation: Mukden Incident Wikipedia
Note: Imperial Japan starts to subjugate Manchuria for natural resources and living space. Japan wanted a Great Britan like empire calling it the Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere. The Japan's defeat to the Soviet during the Battles of Khalkhin Gol set the stage for the Japan's Pearl Harbor attack and war with the United States.
32nd President of the United States
Franklin D Roosevelt
March 4, 1933
Chinese American Events
Chinese Exclusion Act
from May 9, 1882 to 1943
Note: An official act legalizing discrimination against Chinese in the United States. Poster: 'Chinese Must Go'.
Note: Source citation: Chinese Exclusion Act Wikipedia
China Government/Dynasties
Republic of China
from 1912 to 1949
Note: Source citation: Republic of China Wikipedia
Global conflict
World War I
from July 28, 1914 to November 11, 1918
Note: Source citation: World War One Wikipedia
Economic
1929 Great Depression
from 1929 to 1930
Note: Source citation: Great Depression Wikipedia
Note: Worldwide economic downturn.
Family with parents
father
brother
brother
himself
brother
brother
younger brother